The Relentless Rise of Real-Time Data


16-06-2022 | treasuryXL | Refinitiv | LinkedIn |

 

Demand for real-time data is growing fast as financial firms face regulatory, trading, operational and competitive challenges. Rob Lane, head of real-time feeds at Refinitiv, discusses the changing data needs of banks and buy-side firms and how the cloud is helping improve access to a key source of competitive advantage in pursuit of more informed and agile decision-making.

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Turbulent markets put focus on evaluated pricing


24-05-2022 | treasuryXL | Refinitiv | LinkedIn |

 

Fixed income volatility looks like it will be around for a while, due to whipsaw-like changes in the overall economic environment. In such an environment, firms need to have the right evaluated pricing to ensure they are pricing their portfolios at fair value levels and that they are complying with regulations.

 

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Rapid changes in trading are taking place. Are you keeping pace?


05-05-2022 | treasuryXL | Refinitiv | LinkedIn |

 

Automation doesn’t make FX, equities and fixed income traders unnecessary, but it does make them more efficient – which ultimately can lead to better profits. Read more

The LIBOR transition is far from over

05-04-2022 | treasuryXL | Refinitiv | LinkedIn |

In December 2021, LIBOR setting publication ceased on over two dozen settings. But the transition is far from over as phasing out continues for legacy contracts.

Source


  1. As of the end of last year, 24 LIBOR settings have ceased publication.
  2. The FCA confirmed Synthetic LIBOR to be allowed for the temporary use of “synthetic” sterling and yen 1M, 3M and 6M LIBOR rates in all legacy LIBOR contracts.
  3. The main challenge that remains is the USD LIBOR Transition


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Since the end of 2021, publication of 24 LIBOR settings has stopped (CHF, EUR, GBP, USD and JPY) and the most used GBP and JPY LIBORS are now being published with a new methodology called “synthetic LIBOR”.

USD LIBORs will continue to be published until mid-2023 using panel bank submissions. Discussions surrounding Euribor are ongoing, but EU regulators appear to be waiting until the LIBOR cessation has fully taken place to define a more detailed agenda for Euribor.

To sum it up – the LIBOR transition is not yet over!

Refinitiv Eikon gives you the information you need – whenever and however you want it

What is Synthetic LIBOR?

On 16 November 2021, the FCA confirmed Synthetic LIBOR to be allowed for the temporary use of “synthetic” sterling and yen 1M, 3M and 6M LIBOR rates in all legacy LIBOR contracts.

This applied to all other than cleared derivatives, that have not been changed at or before 31 December 2021.

The Synthetic LIBOR are published on existing Refinitiv Instrument Codes (RICS), as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1: Refinitiv Eikon LIBOR= quote. The LIBOR transition is far from over
Figure 1: Refinitiv Eikon LIBOR= quote

Synthetic LIBOR methodology

Synthetic LIBOR = ISDA Median Spread + Term Rate.

For example, the JPY 3M Synthetic LIBOR value published on JPY3MFSR= RIC is calculated as per below:

JPY3MFSR=; -0.00020630 = JPY 3M ISDA IBOR Spread (JPY3MFSRS=ISDA ; 0.0000835) + [JPY 3M term rate (JPYTRR3M=QCKJ ; -0.0002938) x (360/365) ; -0.000289775]

*Please note that Refinitiv is an authorised distributor of ISDA spreads. You can find ISDA fallbacks and Term Rates in the Refinitiv Eikon IBOR App.

Figure 2: Refinitiv Eikon JPY 3M IBOR FALLBACK RATE. The LIBOR transition is far from over
Figure 2: Refinitiv Eikon JPY 3M IBOR FALLBACK RATE
Figure 3: Refinitiv Eikon JPY 3M TERM RATE
Figure 3: Refinitiv Eikon JPY 3M TERM RATE

USD LIBOR challenges

The main challenge that remains is the USD LIBOR transition. Even with the cessation set to 30 June 2023, market participants have been asked to implement transition and identify fallbacks by regulators.

Even if the use of USD LIBORs has been discouraged and drastically limited for new contracts, data from DTCC and ISDA suggests that LIBOR contracts were traded in January 2022 but in low volumes.

The FCA defined clearly the stipulations in Further Provision and Information in relation to the Prohibition and the Exceptions:

  • The market-making exception applies only where market-making is undertaken in response to a request by a client seeking to reduce or hedge their USD LIBOR exposure on contracts entered before 1 January 2022.
  • The prohibition does not prohibit new single currency USD LIBOR basis swaps entered in the interdealer broker market.

The lack of credit component in SOFR appears to raise some issues, mostly from regional banks, that also stressed the fact that borrowers will struggle with SOFR. LIBOR is a forward-looking term rate and interests are known upfront, with SOFR and other alternative Risk-Free Rates (RFR), interest is compounded and only known at the end of the period.

*Please note that credit-sensitive rates such as Ameribor, AXI or BSBY are available in Refinitiv Eikon but are NOT endorsed by the ARCC or FCA.

On the cash market, the Alternative Reference Rates Committee (ARRC) Progress Report, published on 31 March 2021, estimated there will be approximately $5trn USD LIBOR referencing contracts in business loans, consumer loans, bonds and securitisations maturing after June 2023.

Many of these exposures may have suitable fallback language and will be able to transition away from LIBOR prior to cessation.

ARRC has selected Refinitiv to publish its recommended spread adjustments and spread adjusted rates for cash products. The USD IBOR Cash Fallbacks provide market participants, including lenders and borrowers, with an industry-standard agreed rate, which can clearly and easily be referenced in contracts.

Refinitiv launched USD IBOR Consumer Cash Fallbacks 1-week and 2-month settings on 3 January 2022.

Figure 4 : Refinitiv Eikon IBOR App, USD IBOR CASH FALLBACKS
Figure 4: Refinitiv Eikon IBOR App, USD IBOR CASH FALLBACKS

Update on derivatives

As mentioned in the December 2021 Bank of England Risk-Free Rate Working group newsletter, the transition towards Risk-Free Rates is progressing steadily, as per the charts in Figure 5 for cleared swaps and exchange-traded futures:

Figure 5: Cleared Swaps and Exchange Traded Futures
Figure 5: Cleared Swaps and Exchange Traded Futures

In a Risk.net article, Philip Whitehurst, Head of Service Development, Rates at LCH (part of LEG Group) said: “Sterling LIBOR was the most substantial population LCH had converted, amounting to about 185,000 trades for around $15trn worth of cleared swaps. They were converted into Sterling Overnight Index Average (SONIA) equivalents on a compensated basis.

“The same was applicable for around 75,000 yen LIBOR trades, with aggregate notional of about $4.5trn, and 25,000 to 30,000 Swiss LIBOR trades worth about $1.5trn, as well as a very small population of euro LIBOR trades.”

Whitehurst stressed that Euribor trades were not converted.

On the OTC Derivatives markets, the adoption of new Risk-Free Rates is very high.

GBP, CHF and JPY swaps are now exclusively done on new Risk-Free Rates. SOFR swaps are progressing versus LIBOR, at a quite slow pace, and now represent close to 50 percent of the traded notionals, according to ISDA swaps info figures.

Unsurprisingly, the exception remains EUR, where fewer than 30 percent of the traded notionals are on €STR.

Cross-currency swap markets are rapidly ditching legacy interest rate benchmarks in favour of RFRs.

Since the beginning of 2022, trades in euro/dollar cross-currency OTC swaps have almost exclusively referenced the secured overnight financing rate (SOFR) and the euro short-term rate (€STR).

DTCC data repositories from U.S. markets data show how 95 percent of USD / GBP, USD / JPY and USD / CHF now trade RFR versus RFR.

The transition has been pushed by RFR First initiatives, the second phase of SOFR First, launched in September 2021. It stated that interdealer trading conventions for cross-currency basis swaps between USD, JPY, GBP, and CHF LIBORs will move to each currency’s risk-free rates.

Cross-currency swaps prices can be found in Refinitiv Eikon, using the OTC advanced search tool, the OTC Pricer App and the Swap Pricer app, which now allow price cross-currency swaps based on new RFRs.

Figure 6: Refinitiv Eikon Advanced Sear tools for OTC Derivatives
Figure 6: Refinitiv Eikon Advanced Sear tools for OTC Derivatives
Figure 8: Refinitiv Eikon Swap Pricer App, Cross currency swap pricing
Figure 7: Refinitiv Eikon Swap Pricer App, Cross-currency swap pricing

Not the end of the LIBOR transition

Although 24 LIBOR settings have already been discontinued, this does not spell the end of the LIBOR transition.

Market participants are still actively transitioning away from LIBOR trades in USD, while getting prepared for other IBORs transitions in the Eurozone and the rest of the world.

Refinitiv Eikon gives you the information you need – whenever and however you want it


 

Your new home for fixed income

07-03-2022 | treasuryXL | Refinitiv | LinkedIn | Your new home for fixed income

Corporate Treasury Data Insights: trends in COVID-19 Refinitiv usage data

01-02-2022 | treasuryXL | Refinitiv | LinkedIn |

Andrew Hollins, Director of Corporate Treasury Proposition at Refinitiv, brings you a round-up of the latest Corporate Treasury Data Insights, including corporate treasury activity during COVID-19 illustrated through Refinitiv’s usage data, a Refinitiv report on ESG risk and whether carbon markets matter to COP26.


  1. Corporate treasury activity illustrated through Refinitiv data usage saw the COVID-19 pandemic split into three distinct phases.
  2. The initial phase concentrated on credit risk data and analytics, as well as corporate financial data. Meanwhile, phase two focused on cash balances, and phase three honed in on ESG data and analytics as the world moved towards the ‘new normal’.
  3. Other areas of corporate treasury under the microscope included risk mitigation and ESG, carbon markets and COP26, and the state of the U.S. labour market.

For more data-driven insights in your Inboxsubscribe to the Refinitiv Perspectives weekly newsletter.


Chart of the Month

Refinitiv’s usage data paints a fascinating picture of corporate treasury activity throughout the pandemic. As events unfolded, we saw interesting and distinct dynamics play out.

We’ve discerned three phases of the pandemic.

Phase 1: the survival phase

The standout feature of this initial period was the focus on credit risk data and analytics, highlighted by an unprecedented increase in usage of the Credit Default Swaps app – 155 percent in EMEA, and 120 percent in Asia and the Americas.

Demand for corporate financial data also grew strongly – notably company fundamental data (usage up 81 percent), private company data (usage up 33 percent), sectoral data, and peer analysis (usage up 113 percent).

Conversely, during this initial phase, we saw a distinct fall in demand for ESG and LIBOR-related data and analytics.

Phase 2: the cash and corporate health phase

From June to September 2020, activities aimed at boosting cash balances were very much apparent. Our data showed a notable acceleration in corporate debt issuance.

In addition, there was also another, even bigger, jump in demand for company fundamental data with usage of key ratios and cashflow data growing by 160 percent and 175 percent respectively.

Phase 3: return to ‘new normal’

Emerging from the pandemic demand for ESG data and analytics is once again rising strongly. Between December 2020 and March 2021, it has grown by 93 percent to stand well above pre-COVID-19 levels.

This trend is likely to continue its upward trajectory given the rapidly evolving regulatory and demand-led factors that seem to be driving the focus on sustainability.

Refinitiv unpacks more of our usage data insights in a new masterclass series produced in collaboration with TreasuryToday.

Log-in or register at TreasuryToday to follow the series

Refinitiv report: Risk mitigation and the pivotal role of ESG

The far-reaching consequences of COVID-19 have forever changed the risk landscape, and rising levels of third-party risk now demand urgent attention.

Persistent gaps in formal due diligence must clearly be addressed, but a broader sea change is needed: both financial institutions and corporates need to adopt a more holistic approach to risk management – one that incorporates environmental, social and governance considerations as a fundamental tenet of the risk mitigation process, rather than as a separate silo.

Read the report: Risk mitigation and the pivotal role of ESG

Why do carbon markets matter to COP26?

Carbon markets are a key tool for countries to cut their greenhouse gases and meet their Paris Agreement commitments.

The cost of polluting is rising in Europe, parts of North America, South Korea and New Zealand. Most likely it will do so in China, the latest country to launch a national emissions trading system.

Read the blog: Why do carbon markets matter to COP26?

Are U.S. labour markets healing?

The COVID-induced rigidities in the U.S. labour market are easing, but the labour market remains extremely tight, implying potential upwards pressure on inflation from wages.

What can the Beveridge curve tell us?

Inflation gets complicated

There are textbook ways for investors to beat inflation. Unfortunately, we do not live in a textbook world.

Inflation chatter is always a thing, but the shocks are now coming thick and fast.

Decades of globalisation had muted inflation, and the last time the Consumer Price Index (CPI) topped 5 percent was just over a decade ago.

Refinitiv Lipper explores

Refinitiv Corporate Treasury Newsbeat

  • Refinitiv launches USD IBOR Institutional Cash Fallbacks in production to facilitate industry transition from USD LIBOR | Refinitiv has announced that USD IBOR Institutional Cash Fallbacks are now production benchmarks, and it will launch USD IBOR Consumer Cash Fallbacks 1-week and 2-month settings pending Refinitiv Benchmark Services (UK) Limited (“RBSL”) board approval. Read more

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Refinitiv case study | How LG Electronics reduces operational risk across its FX trading workflow

06-12-2021 | treasuryXL | Refinitiv | LinkedIn |

LG Electronics is a global leader and technology innovator in consumer electronics, mobile communications and home appliances. Following an analysis of the market, LG decided to implement a trading and confirmation solution in order to improve its foreign exchange processes. Read the case study to find out more.

LG Electronics is a global leader and technology innovator in consumer electronics, mobile communications and home appliances, employing 87,000 people working in 113 locations around the world. With 2013 global sales of US$53.1 billion, LG comprises five business units.

The company’s previous foreign exchange had several inefficiencies and risk of manual errors, and was difficult to audit.  Too much time was spent on simple and mundane processing rather than value-added functions. The task for LG was therefore to find a solution that would allow the company to solve these inefficiencies and allow its staff to focus on other areas of the job.

As a solution, LG decided to implement a trading and confirmation solution in order to improve its foreign exchange processes. The system ensures that the best price will be available and LG can then execute on the platform electronically. With this innovative technology, LG has been able to really reduce its operational risk across their FX trading workflow.

 

“We now have the ability for users in our various Asia entities to create, modify and approve FX spot and forward orders electronically,” says Calvin Lee, Manager, Asia Pacific Treasury Centre at LG. “The solution will then electronically consolidate orders for our Regional Treasury Centre to control and feed approved orders to our relationship banks to obtain an electronic ‘multi-bank quote’”.

 

The new platform LG has implemented has greatly increased the efficiency of the company’s FX process while at the same reducing the risk the group was exposed to. On top of these advantages, LG has benefited from much-improved control as a result of implementing the solution.

Key benefits

  • Productivity gains
  • Process efficiencies
  • Foreign exchange gain(s)
  • Risk removed/mitigated
  • Increased control

 

 

 

Refinitiv case study | How Haier Group uses a one-stop FX Management solution to mitigate currency volatility

1-11-2021 | treasuryXL | Refinitiv | LinkedIn

Haier Group Corporation is a Chinese multinational consumer electronics and home appliances company, designing, manufacturing and selling a full range of smart appliances, whilst also focusing on channel integrated services. Read more about how Haier Group treasury has succeeded in establishing an intelligent risk management model, covering their whole workflow by connecting with their internal accounting and funds settlement system and externally linking financial data resources (such as Refinitiv) and more than ten global banks.

Haier Group Corporation is a Chinese collective multinational consumer electronics and home appliances company headquartered in Qingdao, China. The FX risk management function under Haier Group’s treasury now controls 22 countries and areas and 20 currency pairs. Their centralised management is difficult due to the wide range of regions and currencies, while the traditional analysis and management from manual booking does not keep up with the current business development demand. Haier Group treasury has succeeded in establishing an intelligent risk management model, covering the whole process by connecting with the internal accounting system and funds settlement system and externally linking the financial data resources (such as Refinitiv) and more than ten global banks.

 

 

 

Refinitiv case study | How Mercuria manages risk across assets with a single platform

04-10-2021 | treasuryXL | Refinitiv |

Mercuria is a global energy and commodity group, operating in more than 50 countries with over 1,000 employees and offices worldwide. Read more about why Refinitiv Eikon was selected to fulfill the complex cross-asset requirements from pre-trade, trade, through to post-trade and credit screening.

Mercuria’s business lines cover a diverse range of commodities trading as well as large-scale infrastructure assets. For that reason, they searched for a cross-asset platform to manage credit, pre-trade, trade and post-trade  to quickly, efficiently and accurately access global market insights, trusted market data and ‘best-of-breed’ industry analytics to help price-up derivative products.

Refinitiv Eikon platform was selected to fulfil the complex cross asset requirements from pre-trade, trade, through to post-trade and credit screening.

 

 

Transitioning from LIBOR: Explaining the cash fallback rates

14-09-2021 | treasuryXL | Refinitiv | Jacob Rank-Broadley

The LIBOR transition: We explain what fallback rates for the USD cash markets are and provide practical insights on how these rates can be used.


  1. Refinitiv USD IBOR Cash Fallbacks are designed to ensure existing USD LIBOR referencing products such as loans, bonds and securitisations can continue to operate post-USD LIBOR cessation.
  2. There are two versions of the Refinitiv USD IBOR Cash Fallbacks: those for consumer products and those for institutional products.
  3. Initially, market participants can use the prototype USD IBOR Cash Fallbacks to become more familiar with the rates and test technical connectivity.

For more data-driven insights in your Inbox, subscribe to the Refinitiv Perspectives weekly newsletter.

During my previous blog on fallbacks in April 2021, I outlined the importance of introducing robust fallback rates into the USD cash markets.

There is a substantial exposure of cash instruments that have no effective means to easily transition away from LIBOR upon its cessation. New LIBOR legislation signed into State of New York law reduces the adverse economic outcomes associated with the instruments by requiring them to use the Alternative Reference Rates Committee’s (ARRC) recommended fallback language.

In March, the ARRC announced Refinitiv as publisher of its fallback rates for cash products. Since then, Refinitiv has been working with the Federal Reserve and the ARRC to finalise the design of the USD IBOR Cash Fallbacks.

Refinitiv is committed to supporting you through the LIBOR transition with LIBOR Transition and Replacement Rate solutions

Fallback rate economically equivalent to USD LIBOR

The Refinitiv USD IBOR Cash Fallbacks provide the rates described in the ARRC’s recommended fallback language.

These are composed of two components: the adjusted Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) part measures the average SOFR rate for the relevant tenor. Added to this is a spread adjustment, which measures the difference between the USD LIBOR for each tenor and SOFR compounded in arrears for that tenor.

Adding these two components together gives an all-in fallback rate that is economically equivalent to USD LIBOR.

There are two version of the Refinitiv USD IBOR Cash Fallbacks: those for consumer products and those for institutional products. Both are published to five decimal places and include the adjusted SOFR rate, the spread adjustment and the all-in rate.

Watch: Refinitiv Perspectives LIVE – The LIBOR Transition: Risk-Free Term Rates

Consumer cash fallbacks

Refinitiv USD IBOR Consumer Cash Fallbacks are designed to ensure existing USD LIBOR referencing consumer cash products such as mortgages and student loans can continue to operate post-USD LIBOR cessation.

These rates are based upon compound SOFR in advance, which means the rate is known at the start of the interest period, plus the spread adjustment.

Prior to 1 July 2023, the spread adjustment will be calculated as the median difference between USD LIBOR and SOFR compound in arrears for the previous 10 working days, resulting in the spread adjustment changing on a daily basis.

This is an indicative rate, and while it should not be used as a reference rate in financial products, it is designed to aid familiarity with the USD IBOR Consumer Cash Fallbacks prior to adoption in July 2023.

Following 30 June 2024, the spread adjustment will be calculated as the median of the historical differences between USD LIBOR for each tenor and the compounded in arrears SOFR for that tenor over a five-year period prior to 5 March 2021.

For the period between 1 July 2023 and 30 June 2024, the spread adjustment will be calculated as the linear interpolation between the two rates outlined above.

A floored version of the consumer cash fallbacks is also available, meaning that if the average SOFR across all days in the tenor is below zero, then the all-in published fallback rate will be solely the corresponding spread adjustment.

Refinitiv USD IBOR Consumer Cash Fallbacks will be published in 1-month, 3-month and 6-month tenors.

Institutional cash fallbacks

Refinitiv USD IBOR Institutional Cash Fallbacks are designed to ensure existing USD LIBOR referencing commercial cash products such as bilateral business loans, floating rate notes, securitisations and syndicated loans can continue to operate post USD LIBOR cessation.

In order to account for different conventions in different markets, there are a number of different versions of the Refinitiv USD IBOR Institutional Cash Fallbacks. There are three different ways of capturing the average SOFR rate: SOFR compound in arrears, Simple SOFR in arrears and SOFR compound in advance.

Added to this is the spread adjustment, which is calculated as the median of the historical differences between USD LIBOR for each tenor and the compounded in arrears SOFR for that tenor over a five-year period prior to 5 March 2021.

Unlike Refinitiv USD IBOR Consumer Cash Fallbacks, there is no transition period. This means that the spread adjustment remains fixed for perpetuity.

Each of the SOFR compound in arrears and Daily Simple SOFR rates will be available in up to seven tenors in a variety of different forms in order to conform to convention in different markets.

The 3-, 5- and 10-day lookback without observation shift versions give counterparties more notice by applying the SOFR rate from three, five and ten business days prior to the rate publication date.

The 2-, 3- and 5-days lookback with an observation shift versions also give counterparties more notice by applying the SOFR rate from two, three and five business days prior to the publication date, but in contrast to a lookback without observation shift, it applies that rate for the number of calendar days associated with the rate two, three and five business days prior.

The 2- and 3-day lockout versions fix the SOFR rate for the last two and three days prior to publication.

The plain version has no lookback, observation shift, or lockout.

The SOFR compound in advance rates for institutional products will be available in 1-month, 3-month and 6-month tenors.

Navigating the LIBOR transition

What’s the next step?

Initially, market participants can use the prototype USD IBOR Cash Fallbacks to become more familiar with the rates and test technical connectivity.

Following the ARRC’s recent endorsement of Term SOFR, Refinitiv plans to supplement the initial prototype with a forward-looking term rate version in due course.

During the prototype phase, we anticipate changes to the methodology based on user feedback to ensure full alignment with industry standards prior to publication of the production rates.

Production rates for the institutional cash fallbacks should be available from autumn 2021, and for the consumer cash fallbacks they will be available from July 2023.

How to access the rates

Prototype rates are now available from the Refinitiv website and through Refinitiv products including Refinitiv® Eikon, Refinitiv Real-Time and Refinitiv® DataScope.

For more information on these rates, including the methodology and identifiers (RICs), please visit our Refinitiv USD IBOR Cash Fallbacks page.

Refinitiv is committed to supporting you through the LIBOR transition with LIBOR Transition and Replacement Rate solutions